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Ujjain

Buddhist literature describes Ujjain, in its earliest form, as Avantipura – one of the great sovereign powers around the 6th century BCE. It became the glorious capital of the Gupta dynasty, witnessing the commencement of ‘Vikram Samvat’, a lunar calendar, some 2,068 years ago. Ujjain was immortalised by Kalidasa (one of ancient India’s greatest Sanskrit poets) who, in his most famous work Meghadūta (Cloud Messenger), lyrically described the city. He portrayed a civilised, charming society, practical yet deeply religious and philosophical.

The narrow lanes of the old city are home to traditional bazaars such as Sarafa, Patni Bazaar, and Nai Sarak, famous for their artisan shops. You will also see temples and ghats here. The ‘new’ quarter, called Free Ganj, was built along European lines by the British, and houses modern shops, eateries, and other spots that are usually marked as the ‘shopping area’.

Shiva reigns eternal in Ujjain as the presiding deity of time at the Mahakaleshwar Temple – one of the 12Jyotirlingas (representing the Supreme God Shiva, a Jyotirlinga is a self-generated linga of light) in India. Located near a lake, the Temple sits on a vast courtyard surrounded by massive walls. It has five levels, one of which is underground.Around 8 km north of Ujjain, is the Kalideh Palace, built by the Mandu Sultans in 1485 over a Sun Temple. Though now decrepit, the Palace is set against a stunning backdrop of river waters, manmade tanks, and channels.

 

Holxo Tours in Ujjain

 

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