Assam’s strategic location in the Northeast, and its easy access to and from the rest of the country makes it the gateway to the Northeast. The mighty River Brahmaputra is the hero of Assam. Beginning in Tibet as the Tsangpo, and then entering India through Arunachal Pradesh as the Siang, the Brahmaputra is the lifeline of Assam – nurturing the valley it has carved, giving it great natural beauty, abundant wildlife, and sustaining its people. Assam’s lush Brahmaputra Valley, blessed by great monsoon showers every year, is dotted with thick rainforests, emerald paddy fields, and fragrant tea plantations. The Brahmaputra is intrinsic to the socio-cultural life of the state; it is the very heart of Assamese folklore – inspiring literature, art, and music.
Assam is home to Majuli Island, the world’s largest inhabited riverine island; Digboi, Asia’s first and oldest oil refinery; and the finest tea industry, producing half of India’s tea. The capital Guwahati houses the ancient Kamakhya Temple, one of the biggest tantric centres in India. A hallmark of festivals here, the mesmerising Bihu dance is iconic of Assam. Then there’s great adventure to be had in the rushing waters of the Brahmaputra – from a leisurely cruise to some of the best whitewater rafting in the country.
Assam’s distinct multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, and multi-religious identity is shaped by its tribal and non-tribal communities. The Ahoms – Assam’s most illustrious rulers – settled in the rich Brahmaputra Valley, and ruled from the 13th century till the 19th century, when the British arrived here. Assam has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park (it has the singular distinction of being a wildlife sanctuary, national park, biosphere hotspot, a Natural World Heritage Site, a Project Tiger and Project Elephant reserve, also one of the best birding areas in the world!).
Holxo Tours in Assam