Holxo Tours in Punjab
Punjab is frontier country. Flanked by Pakistan on the west, Jammu & Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast, and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south, the state on the north-western edge of India has borne the brunt of invasions and wars through the centuries, especially the trauma of the Partition of India in 1947.
And yet, the people of this fertile land have always risen and rebuilt their lives with great confidence and optimism. Today, the Punjabis are a hospitable, tenacious, generous, robust, fun-loving, dynamic, flourishing community. Tremendously courageous and fiercely patriotic, they take great pride in volunteering for the armed forces in large numbers – a martial tradition encouraged by the Sikh rulers here.
Literally meaning ‘five waters’ Punjab derives its name from five great rivers – the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, and Chenab – which water its vast, fertile plains. Primarily an agricultural state, Punjab’s extremely industrious farmers have contributed infinitely to India’s food and grain sector. Punjab’s many vibrant, colourful festivals are in fact celebrations that honour the land and the farming community.
From the beginnings of the Indus Valley Civilisation to a flourishing ancient Buddhist monastery; from the migration of the Aryans to Punjab between 516 BCE to 321 CE to Alexander the Great’s invasion; from the Muslim rule till around 1300 CE to the rise of the Sikhs from the 18th century onwards; from the arrival of the British East India Company to India’s struggle for Independence that saw some of the greatest freedom fighters emerge from here – Punjab has witnessed events that changed the course of India’s history. No surprise then that its tangible multi-ethnic, multi-cultural heritage is a result of Persian, Greek, Afghan, Turkish, and Mongol influences. The Punjabi language too traces its origins to the Indo-European linguistic family that includes Persian and Latin.
Representative of this remarkable history are the countless sites that dot the state: beautiful forts and palaces, ancient monuments, architectural marvels, remarkable battlefields and poignant memorials to martyrs.Punjab is noted for its delicious earthy cuisine, superb traditions of folk, classical, and Sufi music, moving folklore, inspiring literature, and a strong culture of sports. The Sikh faith came into being in Punjab.